Ultrasonic evaluation of cardiovascular diseases...

Echocardiogram is simply a sonogram of the heart. Echocardiography can provide excellent images of the heart, paracardiac structures, and the great vessels. Usually it is 2 DimentionalTransThoracic Echocardiography with Color Doppler Study. It is widely used noninvasive cardiology test. It is routinely used in diagnosis, management and follow up of the patient with cardiac diseases.

Why the Test is Performed?
To evaluate size and shape of the heart walls & chambers.
To evaluate pumping capacity of the heart.
To evaluate extent of any tissue damage of heart muscle in case of heart attack / ischemia.
To evaluate cardiac valve areas and function.
To evaluate any blood clots /tumours within the heart.
To evaluate active infection on the valves in the cases like Rheumatic heart disease / suspected Endocarditis.
To evaluate for abnormal pressure within the lungs and to evaluate the function of the right side of the heart in cases of long standing diseases of the lungs / vessel.
To evaluate any congenital abnormalities of the heart and great vessels (coming out through heart).
To evaluate any abnormalities of cardiac sac (pericardium) and paracardiac structure.
To evaluate the effect of treatment in Pt having heart attack, reduced pumping capacity, infection of the cardiac valves, following heart valve surgery/ coronary angioplasty / coronary Bypass surgery etc.
To evaluate function of the heart in patients having long standing Hypertension, Diabetes or Dyslipidemia.
As a screening tool for evaluation of the heart function prior to major surgery / part of full body checkup.

2D TTE usually done at physician’s office or in the hospital. For a resting 2D TTE, no special preparations are required (in contrast to stress Echo or Trans Esophageal Echo).

How the test is performed?

During a standard Two-Dimensional resting echo, clothing from the upper body is removed and covered with a gown or sheet to feel you comfortable and to maintain privacy of the female. The patient then lies on a bed or on an examination couch. Sticky patches are attached to the shoulders and chest for connection to ECG cables and wires. Theses helps to record the electrocardiogram during the test.The echo transducer (probe) was put on different areas of the chest over colourless jelly. It sends out sound waves, which are reflected back by the muscles and tissues in your heart. These reflected waves are picked up by the transducer and translate into images on a screen.These images appear in black and white and in color on a monitor. They are reviewed and interpreted by a specialist. A Doppler echo is often done at the same time in order to determine how the blood flows in your heart. The swishing sounds you hear during the test indicate blood flowing through the valves and chambers. Echocardiography is usually performed by cardiac sonographers, cardiac physiologists or doctors trained in echocardiography.

An echocardiography is a painless test that takes roughly 30-45 minutes.


It is extremely safe. There is no known risk or side effects of this test.


Echocardiography provides valuable informations about size of the heart chambers, pumping ability of the heart, valve function, volume status, pericardial pathology, congenital abnormalities, Infections and tumours within the heart and also gives useful information of paracardiacstaructure and great vessels to a certain extent.


Echocardiography can also be Trans Esophageal Echocardiography (TEE). Further it can be 3 Dimentional, Contrast Echocardiography & Stress Echocardiography to have additional specific information.

Echocardiography Image